What is Rickets Disease?
Rickets is the softening and weakening of bones in children, usually because of an extreme and prolonged vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium and phosphorus from food. Not getting enough vitamin D makes it difficult to maintain proper calcium and phosphorus levels in bones, which can cause rickets. Adding vitamin D or calcium to the diet generally corrects the bone problems associated with rickets in children.
The areas of the body most affected by rickets are the bones and teeth, both of which depend on calcium and phosphorous for healthy growth. As rickets develops, children may experience aches and pains in the spine, legs, or pelvis.
There are several types of rickets:
- Nutritional rickets is also known as osteomalacia. This condition is mainly found in infants and children
- Hypophosphatemic rickets causes bones to become extremely pliable and soft. A genetic defect
- Renal rickets are also caused due to kidney damage or some form of kidney disease which prevents the kidneys from functioning normally